Barking and Dagenham
With an industrial zone alongside the Thames in the south and a spur of beautiful London countryside in the north, the heart of the borough resides on the east-to-west roads running through its center, connecting the two towns with London in the west and the seaside in the east. Today, the former villages have lively central shopping areas, and residents enjoy short commutes and with lots of green space.
A combination of the rural and the suburban, Barnett is well served by Great Britains busiest trade route, once called the Great Northern Road, and now the M1 Highway, connecting London to Leicester and Leeds. A leader in size and population, Barnet features busy town centers along its east and western borders, with numerous malls and great swaths of farmland and green space in its center.
With its moderate size and population, Bexley attracts many of retirement age. A good bit of industrial work goes on by the Thames in the north, while the northwestern two thirds of the region is given to suburban homes. Long expanses of parks and greenswards take up the southeastern border. Bexleyheath in the center of the area is the busiest town center.
Although labeled an outer borough, Brent is more of a middle zone, with Harrow blocking it from the English countryside to the northwest, and the Westminster absorbing everything else from West Kilburn to the Thames in the southeast. Business districts absorb the center of Brent, but Wimble Stadium and its surroundings provide plenty of entertainment, as does the old town of Willesden and the vast acreage of Fryent Country Park.
A real outer borough, Bromley is a rural creature, the largest borough in acreage and well populated too, in its northern half. It has its own airport, Biggin Hill, and the biggest ward, Darwin, of any London borough. The town center of Bromley, in north-central part of the area, is busy and bustling, with a lively walking mall, and Charles Darwins home, Down House, lies in the rustic green south.
Looking like a bent knee, with the ankle almost reaching the Thames in the south, Camden features many prime London attractions, like the British Museum, Cambridge Theatre, the British Library, as well as innumerable restaurants and shops. Three enormous train stations serve the nation here, and the view from Parliament Hill, in the grand Hampstead Heath Park, in the north of Camden, is the best in London.
More people live in Croydon Borough than any other London region, though the length of Lambeth Borough separates it from the Thames. Several roads connecting London with the south keep Croyden busy, and I the heart of the area, Croydon town is a vibrant English shopping zone. Industry thrives along a portion of the western border, and while green zones are widespread in the south, suburban residences cover the entire borough.
Moderate in land area, Ealing Borough is one of the most densely populated parts London. It enjoys long stretches of retail and industrial activity in the north, with residences scattered throughout the area. In the south, the A4020 hoards four glorious road names for itself, where it is called The Vale, The Mall, Uxbridge Road, and The Broadway, as it passes westwards through the historic, charming, and bustling town centers of Acton, Ealing, and Southall.
Enfield is the most northerly borough of London, and heavily populated. The northwestern quarter is green space and farmlands, and on the eastern border there is an economic engine of retail and industrial activity along the King George Reservoir. At the boroughs center stands the busy town of Enfield, with suburban residences all around, while the small but lively town of Southgate balances the population in the southwest.
A Royal Borough forming a triangle on the Thames south bank, east of downtown, Greenwich has three points, west, east and south, each with distinct characters. The westerly town of Greenwich enjoys the O2 arena, the National Maritime Museum, and other attractions. In the east, Royal Arsenal Military Base dominates the land. All along the river in between, industrial activity occupies the area. In the south of the borough, Eltham is the center of a more rural population.
An inner borough north of downtown London, Hackney comes within a mile of the Thames in its southern spur, in the Shoreditch neighborhood, a thoroughly busy part of Londons downtown life. In the broader northern bulk of the borough, wide expanses of residential areas spread out around Clapton, Stoke Newington, and Stamford Hill, while the center of Hackney town at Graham Road and Mare Street is full of life.
Hammersmith and Fulham
An inner borough west of wealthy Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham is a long oval running northwest to southeast. Small in area and population, the northern end of the borough is taken up with train facilities and green space. From the middle southwards, to the Thames, the region is densely populated and suburban, although the twin hearts of Hammersmith town and Fulham town successfully capture that central London intensity.
A rectangle running east to west, Haringey is not really an outer borough, but an inner suburb. Blessed with considerable greenswards in the west, as well as the grand entertainment venues of the Alexandra Palace, while in the southern central area, Finsbury Park offers live music concerts. Haringey enjoys some retail development in Tottenham, which features a lively town center, as do West Green and Crouch End.
A borough off moderate size in both populations and acreage, Harrow stands due northwest of downtown London. With a fine swath of green space covering its northwestern quarter, it serves as a residence for many Londoners. In the southeast center of the borough are the charmingly titled towns of Harrow On The Hill and Wealdstone, where the local squares feel more like English villages than adjuncts to a world capital.
The Tower of London is almost ten miles away from the western border of Havering Borough, and this region sometimes seems more like a farming county than a London district. One of the largest boroughs in Londons area, the population is spread thinly through the western part of Havering, and the central town of Romling even has its own perimeter highway.
The second largest borough in acreage, Hillingdon contains Heathrow International Airport at its southern end. With a moderate population sprinkled about its huge territory, Hillingdon has immense swaths of green space, including Ruislip Woods National Nature Reserve, covering its northern half. In the central and southern zones, the townships of Ruislip, Uxbridge, Hayes, and Drayton all draw sustenance from the economic powerhouse of Heathrow, while keeping their village charms.
Connected to Heathrow Airport in the west and Hammersmith and Fulham Borough in the east, Houslow has an irregular shape and a long embrace with the Thames, before the river plunges southward. Moderate in size and population, the borough contains several parks with distinctive sites and character, along with towns like Chiswick, Brentford and Feltham, and the busy center of Hounslow, a true English city subsumed by the growth of London.
Small in size but packed with businesses, Islington is deeply involved in Londons world. Islington is more of a residential area in the northern end, where Holloway town is the site of the Arsenal football team, several theatres, and a few colleges as well. Islington in the south is busy and thriving. The Sadlers Wells Theatre is a prime attraction in the Clerkenwell neighborhood, while the City University London nestles in the vibrant Finsbury district.
Kensington and Chelsea
One of three Royal Boroughs, Kensington is known for its density, with lots of people packed into a small borough. Kensington boasts the Japanese themed Kyoto Gardens at Holland Park, in the north, while on the Thames River in the south, the Natural History Museum lies just down the road from Harrods, the famous department store. The town of Chelsea is famous for its stylish housing, seaside gardens, and art galleries like the Saatchi Gallery.
Kingston upon Thames
A Royal borough in the southwest, Kingston is a small but well populated area, centered upon the small city of Kingston Upon Thames. Greenswards dominate the most southerly quarter of the borough, but the northern and central areas are filled with residential developments. Kingston Upon Thames itself is a perfectly preserved English river town, filled with walking malls, intriguing shops, and beautiful village architecture.
The world knows about Buckingham Palace, but across the Thames to the south, Lambeth Borough offers amazing attractions as well. In the northern end of Lambeth Borough, the great Old Vic Theatre developed the English music hall sound that influenced Paul McCartney, and the London Eye, a gigantic Ferris wheel, turns above the Jubilee Gardens and the London Aquarium complex. In the center of Lambeth, Brixton town introduced the world to reggae.
With a touch of green space here and there, a little bit of industry along the Thames in the north, and tons of residential districts everywhere, Lewisham is a true suburban borough. The town of Lewisham, in the northern and central area, is the busiest part of the borough, and it features a tremendous walking mall, while the Lewisham Road, running southwards, is the most vital economic zone in the region.
Isolated from the Thames on one side and from the English countryside on the other by its neighboring boroughs, Merton is a jumble of many zones. There are several industrial and retail locales in the central third of the area, while in the west and east one can find great expanses of parkland and greenery, while residential zones flourish everywhere. The pride of Merton is the Wimbledon Park Tennis tournament, annually held to international acclaim.
Newham features miles of industrial zoning along the north bank of the Thames, which continues northwards, forming a western border with Tower Hamlets Borough along the River Lea. The townships of Plaistow and Upton Park have vital and busy town squares, and in the northwest, the small city of Stratford is the site of the Olympic Stadium and Velodrome, as well as a campus of the University of East London.
A true suburban borough, Redbridge is about one-third greenswards, one-third residential zones, and one-third bustling towns. The busy High Road, lined with retail locations all along its length, drives through the center of Redbridge from west to east, headed out to the nearby suburb of Romford. Woodford, Newbury Park and the delightfully named Barkingside are the urban centers of Redbridge, with each featuring lively public squares.
Richmond upon Thames
A lightly populated borough with plenty of land, Richmond Upon Thames is where the Thames first flows into the London area. About half of the borough is parkland and greenery, including the popular birding area, the London Wetland Centre, in the north. The towns of Richmond, Twickenham, and Teddington are lively and charming, and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew are one of the great international attractions of London.
A small borough in acreage, Southwark an important part of Londons international image. Shaped like a wedge pointing south, Southwark is almost one-third green space below the vital towns of Peckham and Camberwell. At its northern end, the rebuilt Shakespeares Globe Theatre is a modern marvel, while the Shard skyscraper and Tate Modern art gallery draw international visitors throughout the year. Enjoy excellent views of downtown London from the Southwark Bridge.
One of the outer boroughs more entwined with country living, Sutton combines suburban and rural tracts in most of its territory. The green space is contained mostly in the south, while a long tract of industrial development is located on the eastern border with Croyden Borough. Residential zones occupy most of Sutton, each with a more developed center derived from the villages of the past, such as Sutton township, Carshalton, and Wallington.
The Tower of London, the most famous landmark of the city, resides in a western corner of Tower Hamlets. The old East End borough is also where many of Londons grand new skyscrapers rise in the southeastern Canary Docks district. Industry occupies the easternmost area, while Old Spitalfields Market is a major attraction in the west. Whitechapel was a slum in 1900, but in the 21st Century, its a vibrant part of downtown, and Bow, Cambridge Heath and Bethnal Green are also thriving communities in the north.
Densely populated and located in Londons outer northeastern quadrant, Waltham Forest Borough has its western bordered formed by the River Lea, where the water is engineered into a series of reservoirs. The borough reaches the green English countryside in its northern end, where the Epping Forest grows and Chingford town flourishes, while in the busy southern end, Walthamstow and Leyton are the centers of retail and suburban residential neighborhoods.
A saddle-shaped borough on the southern bank of the Thames, the eastern end of Wandsworth is almost in sight of Buckingham palace across the river, where Battersea Park stands. In the regions center, the River Wandle provides considerable green space for downtown Wandsworth, the capital of the borough and a busy retail center. The former villages of Putney and the charmingly named Upper Tooting give the borough a residential, suburban character.
Westminster Borough embraces many of Londons most famous sights and sounds; the horses on parade at Buckingham Palace, the debaters of Speakers Corner at Hyde Park, the bells of Big Ben, and the theatres of Leicester Square. Madame Tussands resides in the Marylebone District; Trafalgar Square in Charing Cross. This is the famous part of London, the glory and the glamour of the national capital. However, dont forget the charming neighborhoods of West Kilburn and Lisson Grove in the north.
The City of London
Politically managed as a city and a county, the City of London fits within the ancient walls of London Town. Site of many new skyscrapers, who received nicknames like The Gherkin, and The Cheese Grater, from a bemused public the City is the financial heart of Great Britain and much of the rest of the world. Saint Pauls Cathedral lends dignity to the region, as does the Monument to the 1666 Great Fire of London, while the Barbican Art Center in the north end remains a popular international attraction.